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The 19th Session of the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission took place between April 27 and May 1st in South Korea. Two important decisions regarding the use of specific devices for tuna fishing resulted from the session. One was to ban the use of lighting in fish aggregating devices. The other was to limit the number of fish aggregating devices per vessel.
Overall, I welcome any measure limiting the use and efficiency of devices designed to increase fishing effort and fishing mortality whose environmental impact has not been thoroughly assessed. We currently know that fish aggregating devices facilitate the capture of different species, including tuna, allowing for greater fishing efficiency and, consequently, giving the lower search and fishing time. However, these devices aggregate fish of specific age groups, potentially causing ecological disturbances. They also inhibit the natural movement of shoals, interfering with migratory patterns. As an example, the mass use of fish aggregating devices may actually prevent tuna from approaching the coast, where it is traditionally fished by many communities.
I therefore emphasize that the boundary of 550 devices to be used simultaneously in each vessel, decided upon in South Korea, is still too high and not adequately scientifically founded. For this reason, I urge the revision of this number until its environmental impact is defined.
On the European Maritime Day, which is celebrated today, I would like to call for a better use of the oceans, based on sound knowledge and respect for environmental boundaries and community values. I urge for a use that creates employment and strengthens the economy without jeopardizing environmental and ecosystem sustainability.

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